Technology on Football Betting-related Corruption and Match Fixing

Technology can be a double-edged sword when looking at the global issue of betting-related corruption and match fixing in football.

Betting and Technology

On one hand, the advancements in technology including e-commerce, live online betting or in-play betting are used by unscrupulous criminals based in unregulated betting markets like Asia to place bets anonymously from their smart mobile phone during football matches in other continents like Europe. Organised criminals based for example in the Philippines, can leverage their links with European mafias to undertake their corrupt operations to abuse the betting systems due to the differences in the legal status of sport betting in different countries (Forrest 2016).

Match fixing in football is not an isolated issue and there are other related activities where football players, referees, league officials and club owners get involved for different reasons including gambling addictions and sporting success goals (Harvey and Levi 2016). The main difference with the rest of these other activities is that corrupt, gambling-related match fixing relies on technology and online legal loopholes for the purpose of taking advantage of the betting markets:

Harvey & Levi

Integrity and Technology

On the other hand, Right Holders such as FIFA and UEFA, Integrity and Technology service providers like Sportradar and Perform Group with the information from hundreds of bookmakers and their Analysts, and the support from Law Enforcement Agencies such as Interpol and Europol use technology in the first instance to detect and report match fixing.

Betting Environment

Education and Technology

Technology has also an important role in preventing any wrongdoing as a complement to the education received by players, coaches and referees every season by European professional football stakeholders like FIFPro via face-to-face workshops and online e-learning tutorials. Another role of technology is facilitating players, coaches and referees reporting immediately to FIFA or UEFA via online forms and whistleblowing mobile apps like the Finish ‘Player’s Red Button’ or Sportradar’s RADAR.

Online e-learning tutorials and mobile apps should be tailored to each league depending on the levels of corruption and depending on the personal circumstances of each player (Harvey and Levi 2014). As illustrated on the research by Dr Harvey and nine professional footballers’ associations among nearly 2,000 players, player’s experience and their educational needs differ broadly from country to country and between leagues (Harvey and Levi 2014). Therefore, bespoke and personalised tutorials and apps will have a greater impact on football players’ integrity education.

Personalised Tutorial

In my view, players’ data regularly updated via online questionnaires should be a requirement for Right Holders to ensure that the education provided stays relevant and keeps them ahead of criminals. Moreover, adding a gamification element will make online learning more engaging for young football players.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the 24/7 Fan Experience

Originally published on Future Sport on June 1, 2017

In a recent interview with ESPN sportscaster Bram Weinstein, Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban stated that “analytics in sports are overrated, and artificial intelligence (AI) and its derivatives underrated”.

In January 2017, I had my first face-to-face encounter with AI technology, and this was with the Pepper humanoid robot developed by Aldebran Softbank Robotics at the Bank Audi Lebanon in Beirut, and I wondered how long it will take for Robots to replace catering and hospitality event day staff at Sports Stadiums.


Fans are these days actively engaging with AI technology, for example, Amazon’s Echo AI voice technology is used in Major League Baseball at the Seattle Mariners’ stadium Safeco Field. VIP Fans using hospitality suites can use their voice to order food, change TV channels, play music or talk to an AI-powered voice assistant.

AI technology is helping fans in other ways, for example, the Turner Sports’ Catch Sports app serves as a digital personal assistant for fans on Amazon’s Alexa to help them find where to watch a game or what to watch.


Arsenal FC became the first Premier League club to launch an Amazon Alexa skill that allows UK and US fans to stream live matches, access real-time match stats, line-ups, score updates and post-match analysis.

AI technology is not only helping fans but also Sports Media and Social Media Publishers. For example, Breaking Data Corp uses AI technology to increase website growth, improve marketing activities and quickly identify consumer behaviours. With a different aim, Arkadium delivers interactive data visualisation that amplifies in-house editorial staff with AI technology, boosting fans interaction and session duration via InHabit.

During the summer of 2016, theScore created the first sports chatbot for Facebook Messenger using AI technology. TheScore envisions chatbots as the future of news consumption for sports fans. This AI technology encourages fans to engage with their favourite team 24/7. WePlay is currently bringing Facebook Messenger Bots to sports teams. You can try yourself this AI technology: “Speak to Walter, our newest recruit. He’s waiting for you over in @messenger”

AI is going to have a big impact in sports. We already know it will engage with Fans 24/7 and it will help Sport Media companies understand web and social media users to create more engaging marketing propositions.

Is The Premier League doing enough to accommodate Disabled Football Fans?

Originally published on Future Sport on January 27, 2017

Football is a global sport, uniting people form all backgrounds. Could the Premier League do more to make games and stadiums more accessible to disabled fans?

Premier League football clubs are really different now compared to 20 years ago. Millions of pounds are going from fans and sponsors to privately-owned Premier League clubs, football players, football managers and their agents. A club like Manchester United FC can make £12 million in revenue per match, a player like Yaya Touré from Manchester City FC is paid an estimated £1,306 per hour, and a football agent like Mino Raiola can make £20 million from a single player transfer. Foreign Club owners have been attracted by double digit returns in a global low economic growth rate. And yet despite these huge sums, clubs are not investing enough in accessible facilities and they are not providing their event day staff with customer service training.

Old Trafford

There has been a clear demographic and social change in football fans: there is an ageing fan base that requires venue managers and staff to understand older customers’ needs and accessibility requirements. Premier League football clubs’ neglect of disabled fans is astonishing and very latent. The Forgotten Fans, fans with a disability or reduced mobility, are not generally treated well by English Premier League and Championship clubs. In my opinion it should be mandatory for English Premier League clubs that participate in UEFA, Premier League and FA tournaments to comply with the existing disability and accessibility legislation; unfortunately some clubs have a different agenda.

According to the Premier League Handbook 2016/17 each club should provide sufficient and adequate facilities for disabled supporters; unfortunately, only a few clubs have an accessible facility or have upgraded their stadia taking accessibility considerations into account, for example the Etihad Stadium, the Emirates StadiumOld Trafford and the London Stadium (thanks to the legacy from London 2012 Paralympic Games). Premier League Clubs generally do employ an official to liaise with disabled supporters; however, Disability Liaison Officers are generally not senior managers, and therefore they can only deliver what their club Executives help them to achieve. Unfortunately, there is no existing professional qualification for a Disability Liaison Officer or standardised recruitment process.

Emirates Stadium_wheelchair_access

My personal experience working at Wembley Stadium is that, as a sport facility, it has been designed with a thorough understanding of accessibility following consultation with multiple stakeholders including Level Playing Field and accessibility experts. It has competent part-time Disability Liaison Officers at Wembley and Club Wembley levels; it has great wheelchair platforms at different levels with space for companions; it offers secure accessible toilets in good locations, and it offers a good experience for blind and partially sighted football fans with a 90-minute commentary service via Alan March Sport.

However, the customer experience at Wembley Stadium for older fans and fans with a disability still differs to the experience of able-bodied fans in a number of ways: the lack of an “Ability Suite”; the lack of accessible food and drinks kiosks; the lack of training of event day staff; the lack of sufficient Blue Badge accessible parking spaces; a sub-optimal Shuttle Bus Service from Wembley Park Station to the Stadium. My suggestion would be to have an accessible Shuttle Golf Kart Service from Wembley with access to a secured and secluded lane of 600 metres following Olympic Way to the stadium, and adding Shuttle Bus Services from Wembley Central and Wembley Station as traffic on event days is too congested and not all buses that travel to the Stadium are fully accessible.


Thanks to Sir Alex Ferguson and Phil Downs among others, a club like Manchester United FC have considered disabled fans for the last 25 years as an important group and incorporated accessibility and disability in the Manchester United culture as part of its CSR policies, bringing football and its communities together. Currently, various non-for-profit organisations work with clubs, the Premier League and UEFA (for example, Level Playing Field and CAFE) to evaluate football clubs’ consideration of disabled fans’ needs (mainly based on the ratio between accessible seats compared to the total seat capacity); however, these non-for-profit organisations have no jurisdiction to sanction clubs for not complying with the UK or European disability and accessibility legislation.

It is great news that Premier League clubs may face sanctions over lack of improvement; however, in my opinion sanctions are not the best way forward. I strongly believe that the FA, UEFA and the Premier League in consultation with other European leagues should create a reference Accessibility Guide, with shared best practices, technical guidelines and recommendations from experts, to help clubs deliver inclusive football events and build new, accessible facilities. I also think the UK Government could legislate to ensure that Premier League clubs invest in accessibility and for example spend at least 0.5% of their revenues on training event day staff and 5% on making stadia more accessible.

British Basketball League Looking to Learn from Bigger Organisations

Originally published on on January 3, 2017

Basketball has always been dominated by the US and has struggled to make the transition to the UK, what could be improved to make the game more successful?

Basketball in the US is booming with an estimated 80 million American basketball fans, and more importantly many of them are millennials. Interestingly, 9.6 million basketball fans are also eSport fans according to NewZoo. eSports gives millennials the active engagement they desire and thrills they don’t get in other types of entertainment. According to FiveThirtyEight and Basketball Reference, 97% of the value created by players in the NBA is generated through millennials. Basketball in the UK has never enjoyed huge popularity or media exposure. It is a fact that not many English people know the rules of basketball. However, Adam Silver, the NBA’s commissioner, stated that basketball’s goal is to be the “No2 sport in the UK”.

BBLarena @FutureSport

The traditional sport fan base in the US and UK is ageing, with a significant drop off among 18 to 24-year-olds. According to Ampere Analysis only 14% of their surveyed users “love sport” in the 18-24 age bracket, considerably less than the 22% of those that indicated their love for TV shows. Traditional team sports in the US are losing young players due to the fact that younger generations have stopped playing a second sport. Thankfully, 75% of US youngsters play some sport at high school level. Similarly, traditional team sports in the UK are losing young players. Surprisingly, basketball has managed to maintain its popularity behind football, rugby and cricket.

Competition for the attention of millennials has intensified but where do millennials watch sports videos? According to The Future of Sports 2016 report, millennials between 13 to 24-year-olds watch sports videos on YouTube and SnapChat, while 25 to 34-year-olds prefer to watch sports videos on Facebook and ESPN. Millennials want to interact with the content produced by their teams, and in some cases they also want to co-create the content. The NBA has invested in partnerships with technology and social media partners like Facebook to promote the sport among the younger generations and especially among millennials. For example, the NBA in partnership with BroadbandTV (BBTV), the largest multi-platform network in the world, have recently created NBA Playmakers, an innovative community for video creators focused on basketball, players and basketball culture. In the UK, the NBA announced the launch of the #MyNBAstory Contest to engage with millennials.


Currently NBA basketball players are among the 8 out of the 12 top best paid athletes across professional sports. A few English players made a career in the NBA like Luol Deng and John Amaechi; unfortunately, salaries in the British Basketball League (BBL) are far below from their counterparts in Europe and millions away from the NBA. The NBA, has 60 employees in London compared to 6 employees at the BBL offices in Leicester. NBA Global Games comes to London every year and sell out tickets in a matter of hours. Tickets sell on StubHub for upto £1,160. A BBL game for a family (2 adults and 3 children) at the Leicester Riders’ Arena costs £35.

It is great that BT Sport subscribers can enjoy watching the NBA season and NBA Finals; unfortunately, thousands of kids from modest households can only watch highlights or follow the NBA on social media. Basketball in the UK was introduced by the YMCA and has always been seen as a sport for youngsters from poorer backgrounds, and currently over 40% of London Youth Games (LYG) basketball participants live in the most deprived 20% of postcodes, compared to 27% on average for LYG. Thankfully, this season the BBC is broadcasting 31 live matches of the BBL on the BBC website and mobile app. The BBL and the recently created British Basketball Federation (BBF) have agreed to a new 10-year license agreement to continue as the top men’s division in the UK. Interestingly, all BBL games are now available online via the new official British Basketball League streaming provider, LiveBasketball.TV.

@BBLOfficial Twitter

According to Kevin Routledge, Chairman of the Leicester Riders, the reasons why elite basketball is not growing in the UK is due to funding uncertainty, reduced level of collaboration between clubs, leagues and federations; clubs not owning a purpose-built facility; difficulty in attracting fans to weekday games; the misalignment of basketball at schools, colleges, universities, BBL clubs, and national teams; coaching standards and lack of opportunities of playing against better European teams. The Basketball Champions League, a new partnership between FIBA and 10 European leagues, would be a great platform for the top BBL teams to get experience in elite basketball to complement their off season preparation matches against top European teams.

The missing ingredients of the BBL league are games played at club-owned venues, broadcast free on TV/online/mobile, showcasing talented and experienced players (home-grown and foreign) paid a decent salary, supported by successful coaches, at UK and European basketball events, and supported by local sponsors and authorities. The BBL needs to promote partnerships among owners, universities and colleges, the BBF and national sponsors. BBL clubs need stable funding to hire staff and to partner with technology companies to create databases to engage millennials and their families. Social Media strategy and management of BBL clubs is improving but there is room for improvement. Board Members of the BBL and BBF need to work closer with national and international stakeholders (including the NBA and other European basketball leagues) to inform authorities about the educational values of basketball as a sport and the affordable and exciting entertainment available for families in big cities across the UK.